The Book of Misers is a book in which Abu Othman Amr Ibn Bahr al-Jahiz wrote down some images of miserliness in those he met and got to know in his own environment, especially in the town of Marw, the capital of Khorasan. Their secrets and the secrets of their homes, and briefed the readers on their various conversations, and revealed their psyche and their conditions. The first to study the text of the misers was the orientalist Van Floten in 1900. The book’s stories are short comic educational situations, in which the colloquial expressions circulating during the period of his writing were documented. The stories and dialogues abound, as it is considered a socio-educational, psychological and economic study of this type of people who are misers.
The Book of Misers is of scientific importance, as it reveals to us about the souls, natures and behavior of human beings, as well as containing many names of the famous, famous and the unknown, as well as the names of countries and places and the descriptions of their people, and many rare and useful verses of poetry with its subject, conversations and antiquities. The book is a scientific, literary, social, geographical and historical encyclopedia.
The misers in this book are distinguished by kindness, naivety, and wit sometimes, and they are innocent of harm and ill-treatment, and there is nothing in them that repels the soul or disgust, and they do not wrong themselves except themselves, and we find that the tables of some of them are extended, some pretend to be generous. The method of their economy and their use of money and their fight against extravagance, which is undoubtedly a figment of his imagination and does not exist in the first place, such as Abu Al-Harith Jamiez and Al-Haytham bin Mutaher.
Among the funniest of those mentioned by Al-Jahiz are individuals in Basra who liked to live economically, save money, and be well-mannered. They gathered in a mosque in Basra to exchange experiences. One of them said that he had a donkey that was watered with salty water for its cheap price while he and his family drank fresh water, so the health of the donkey deteriorated until he almost died, and then He thought and estimated and decided to perform ablution and his family with fresh water and water the donkey from what was left, so they earned the donkey and did not waste the water.