Philosophy is the study of the nature of reality and existence, and the study of what can be known and correct behavior from wrong behavior. The word “philosophy” comes from the Greek and means “love of wisdom.” It is, therefore, one of the most important areas of human thought in its aspiration to reach the meaning of life.

In 2002, UNESCO declared World Philosophy Day in the hope of achieving the following goals:

Renewed national, subregional, regional and global commitment to support philosophy;
Encouraging analyzes, research and philosophical studies of the most important contemporary issues in order to respond in the best way to the challenges facing humanity today;
Raising public opinion about the importance of philosophy and the importance of using it critically when dealing with the choices posed by the effects of globalization or entering the era of modernity on many societies;
Determine the state of philosophy education in the world, with special emphasis on the unequal access to this education;
Emphasizing the importance of popularizing philosophy education among future generations.
Celebration of 2021
World Philosophy Day in 2021 opens the discussion on the different interactions of human beings with their social, cultural, geographical and political environments, with the primary aim of better understanding the contribution of philosophy to our contemporary societies and the challenges it faces, especially the pandemic. And the epidemic in particular. Philosophy, and even multicultural philosophy, is concerned with context, and thus at its core is concerned with the transformation of society.

Basic information
In 2005 the UNESCO General Conference announced that World Philosophy Day would be celebrated on the third Thursday of November.

The UNESCO General Conference established World Philosophy Day in 2005 with the aim of promoting an international culture of philosophical debate with respect for diversity and human dignity, encouraging academic exchange and highlighting the contribution of philosophical knowledge to addressing global issues.

Importance of Philosophy Day
Many thinkers believe that “surprise” is the origin of philosophy. Indeed, philosophy stems from the natural human tendency to be amazed at themselves and the world around them.

This field, which considers itself a kind of “wisdom”, teaches us to think in the process of thinking itself, by continuing to question what it believes to be established facts, to verify hypotheses and reach conclusions.

Over the centuries, philosophy – in all cultures – has developed conceptions, ideas, and analyzes, and through them, laid the foundation for independent and creative critical thought.

UNESCO Philosophy Day has enabled this institution to celebrate, in particular, the importance of philosophical thinking, and to encourage people around the world to share their philosophical heritage with one another.

For UNESCO, philosophy provides the conceptual foundations for the principles and values ​​on which world peace is based: democracy, human rights, justice and equality.

Philosophy helps solidify these basic concepts of peaceful coexistence.

More than seventy countries, twenty-five of them in Africa, celebrated the first two Philosophy Days that gave everyone, regardless of their culture, an opportunity to reflect on different questions such as: “Who are we as individuals and as a global community?” It is up to us to reflect on the state of the world, and to determine whether it matches our interests in justice and equality. It is also up to us to ask ourselves whether our society lives according to the moral and ethical standards set forth in the great charters.

Philosophy Day gave us the opportunity to ask ourselves the often-forgotten questions: “What have we neglected to think about?” “And what are the infamous facts that we are used to?”

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